This article is a continuation of ‘The children of the street – Part 2’.
To fend for them to find what to eat and many are tempted by adults or older youth to engage in drug sales, theft or prostitution.
Drug use by these young people is common. It is a means to relieve pain and cope with the difficulties associated with street life. According to studies, up to 90% of street children use psychoactive substances, including drugs, alcohol, cigarettes and industrial
products and easily accessible like glue.
Mental growth, social and emotional development of these children is affected by their nomadic lifestyle and the way they are punished by the authorities constantly evicted from their makeshift homes, such as portals, park benches or terraces.
Some Latin American countries like Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras and Brazil are known for torture and violence inflicted on street children by police officers. These children need safety, security and hope, and continue to have a profound negative stigma.
And most of all, they lack love.
Many governments around the world have increased their attention to these children, but it is enough. In 1992 United Nations issued a resolution expressing concern about the situation of these young people and violence against them.
The resolution urges international cooperation to address the needs of homeless children and to implement international law on the Rights of the Child. European nations have taken effective actions in this respect are Belgium, Finland, Netherlands, Portugal
and Spain. However, the main problem of state programs is that children often reject the aid.
There are many ways to work together to end this social problem. Many NGOs have been created especially to help homeless children and adults. But it is also important to raise awareness around the world on this issue, discussing it with family, friends and
people around us.