Great Wall of China was listed in world’s greatest wonders in 1987 by UNESCO. It is also called the ‘Long Wall of Ten Thousand Li’ in Chinese. This wall is not a long continuous but it is a collection of short walls which follow by the peak of hills.
It is situated on the edge of southern Mongolian plain. It seems more like a dragon winding up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus. The wall stretches approximately 8,851.8 kilometers (about 5,500 miles) from east to west of China.
The first set of walls was designed to keep Mongol migrant out of China. It was built of stones in wood frames, bricks, tamped earth and other materials, during the Qin Dynasty in the era of 221-206 BCE.
The Great China Wall has a history of 2000 years and due to such long history, some of the wall sections have become ruins or have disappeared. Nevertheless, despite all that, it is still one of the most attractive sites around the world with a tremendous architectural grandeur and historical significance.
The history of this great wall has three main eras. One is called Early walls, second is called Ming era and third is called Early Western reports of the wall. Great China Wall was mostly built during the Ming Dynasty, between 1368 and 1644.
Starting from Hushan Great Wall in the east, it covers Jiayuguan Pass in the west traversing Liaoning, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai. The Great Wall of China is the finest and complex example of cultural and military property and architectural.