Narendra Modi, the 170 million votes have granted an absolute majority in India, is a politician who combines two aspects: it is a Hindu nationalist and a good economic manager. Man who took oath as prime minister, 63, has received such overwhelming support at the polls because the economy is the most important issue for Indian voters. “We are a country of young people: one million every month we integrated into the workforce. Obviously these people for job creation and economic growth are the most important, “explains the analyst Ashok Malik.
Hundred million young exercised for the first time in this election the right to vote in a legislative. They belong to a generation that has grown in India when it began liberalizing its economy in 1991. “Political, economic and social landscape of India is moving to the right, partly due to globalization and the aspirations of these young ” he adds.
From 2003-20012 India’s economy grew more than 8%, but in recent years became less than 5%. That made these new voters seduced by the Hindu, who knew sold as an excellent manager. The State of Gujarat, which has ruled for a dozen years, growing at over 10%. Modi built infrastructure and attracted foreign investment.
It will be in the second week of June, when he appeared before the president, when speaking over his program. After taking office in front of his Pakistani counterpart, Nawaz Sharif, who invited – to gesture in a skilled diplomat, he has asked his cabinet to set an agenda for the first 100 days in office. Among the 10 priorities that are required efficiency, education, infrastructure and transparency. A Modi is accused of being authoritarian, but not corrupt. Not known to any luxury. And few doubt that it will give priority to economic issues. “It’s going to have to demonstrate that it is able to fulfill its promises,” explains the analyst Malik. Experts point out that Modi, who for a time thought to be a monk, only political liked much, or more, than religion.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) did an absolutely personalistic campaign around this politician throws its austerity. A man who married child, who soon left his wife to join the Hindu fundamentalist organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and the only relative with whom is usually left to see is his nonagenarian mother.
That interest in the economy, these voters ignored the fears of the Indians, especially Muslims, to the new prime minister. As the season progressed more talked about economics and less dark episode that the Supreme Court acquitted him for lack of evidence: interreligious clashes in which some 1,000 people died, mostly Muslims in Gujarat in 2002 Rahul Gandhi. the heir of the dynasty to the front of the Congress Party, big loser of the elections (44 seats to 282 BJP) even compared him to Hitler during his campaign.
Corruption and lack of leadership have eroded support for the Congress Party, which has ruled India for most of its history, experts stress. “In the first session of Congress, from 2004 to 2009, people were very happy with Manmohan Singh as prime minister. But after they realized that power had Sonia Gandhi and that he was not able to decide or do things, “says analyst Samrat Choudhury. In his opinion, the violence in Gujarat for more than a decade is seen by each of the political spectrum as per your convenience. Suggests that the Congress may also be spotted, and not condemned by Sikhs killed in retaliation for the killing by one of Indira Gandhi in 1984.
Modi says that ” in spite of fear, also inspired hope.” It was the only one to create a perception of being a strong leader, a strong leader. ” Young voters are impatient everywhere, but in India it managed to sell more and the idea that a good manager is going to fix things.”
Choudhury, and other analysts agree that things could change for minorities, non- Hindus. Both Modi ‘s party, the BJP and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh organization ultra (RSS), which was instrumental in their victory, they believe that the state gives special treatment to Muslims and other minorities and do not agree with it, explains the analyst.