A new wave of outrage against violations again shake India. Not only for the last sexual assault, brutal assault and murder of two teenage girls aged 12 and 13 a few days ago. Also by the response to what happened to two girls a senior Hindu nationalist party leader has downplayed the attacks. “These incidents do not happen intentionally. Happen by accident,”said Ramsevak Paikra, the interior minister of the state of Chhattisgarh.
The leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) had reacted to the gang rape of two minors, the lowest caste in a village in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state. The two girls were attacked by seven men and hanged by a mango tree outside their village. The images and their lifeless bodies hanging from the branches have been around the world and have shocked the Indian society after the gang rape and murder of a young student in New Delhi in 2012.
After what happened last year and half, the previous Government launched a reform to toughen laws; but violations still occur – the last few days have been known at least three others in the group, followed by the murder of women – and not prosecuted with due diligence, experts and specialized social organizations. In the case of the two premiums Uttar Pradesh, families also report that they have not had the support of local authorities. These, in turn, have accused the media of exaggerating the story.
Violations “are sometimes well, sometimes poorly,” said Babulal Gaur, Interior Minister of the neighboring state, Madhya Pradesh, ; also a member of the BJP. Gaur said that violations can only be considered a crime if reported. If not, he said, is a matter between men and women. A comment that is not far from the review of these cases Mulayam Singh Yadav, MP and father of current Governor of Uttar Pradesh, which has come to define a violation in the past as an “mistakes of boys.” The BJP has stated that Gaur opinions do not represent the party. Prime Minister Modi has not yet ruled on the past crimes.
Ranjana Kumari, director of the prestigious Centre for Social Research, explains that the political position reflects the patriarchal mentality of the majority of Indian society. ” The victim is further victimized. It blames the woman being assaulted, ” she says. Kumari also states that many of the criminals kill women, and even burn them to get rid of the evidence and avoid punishment.
Report and obtain a conviction for these offenses is not easy. Khalid Chaudhary, head of the NGO Action Aid in Uttar Pradesh said police always ignore what they refer women or their relatives, are mostly low caste. Sometimes even those who report they are beaten or arrested. For now, three of the seven suspects in the rape and murder of two cousins have been arrested and two policemen have been suspended for trying to cover the case. Although Chaudhary says that the middle and upper caste they belong most politicians and police, are unpunished in Uttar Pradesh, one of the poorest and less governance in India states. Some rapists also belong to the breed with more power in that locality. “It’s very common for dominant castes harass those of the lowest. It is a way of demonstrating his power, who control the weakest, the most vulnerable, “says Chaudhary
The father of the two children raped and murdered a few days ago has told local media that when he went to the authorities to alert the disappearance of her daughter and her niece, the police refused to register his complaint. Also states that he was mocked for being a low caste Dalits. Now his family is considering moving to another place because, after the case has come to light and it caused so much commotion, the families of the accused have threatened to retaliate.
The rape of the two girls has had repercussions in the international community. The UN secretary general, Ban Ki Moon, said he was ” particularly dismayed ” by the rape and murder of teenagers. In a statement the UN condemned the incident and said that in India have created new laws against violence against women, but that the implementation should also be a priority.
The two cousins were raped and murdered on their way to a more secluded area. Their case, which is by no means unique, has started another debate in the country, since the lack of private bathrooms women have to go out and suffer serious safety issues, bullying and sexual abuse – something that adds to the problems public health. In India, the second most populous country in the world, about 595 million people have no access to a toilet, according to a joint program of the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF.
Although these sexual assaults are not a problem specific to the lower classes, women are in a vulnerable position when they pass by remote or dark areas. “When we did not have bathrooms, women feared snake bites and sexual harassment,” says Maleshwari Shankarayah, who lives in the village Veltoor, in the state of Andhra Pradesh. This place is now a covered, thanks to the organization of women. Since then, Shankarayah says, have recovered the dignity and health. To build a bathroom in every house, women Veltoor created a microcredit group. Each bathroom cost the equivalent of between 25 and 50 euros.