Sometimes it happens that archeology in Egypt is as we imagine or dream. The Djehuty Project team dug in the necropolis of Dra Abu el Naga (Luxor) under the direction of Madrid José Manuel Galán, a member of the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), has announced the discovery of a tomb of Dynasty XI four thousand years ago, made under decent circumstances of an adventure novel. The discovery was made at the end of last season when after digging a burial pit in the courtyard of the tomb of Djehuty which unexpectedly gave archeologist access to two burial chambers with a hole in the wall of one of these that led to a large tomb. Egyptologists found the ground literally covered with mummies, about a hundred of them. The tomb, which had been looted, must belong to a royal personage or a high court official, “an official of the State”, the ministry of antiquities of Egypt. Although the mummies, apparently, are middle class.
“There are dozens of mummies, perhaps a hundred,” he explained to newspaper Galán.” Mummies, by numerous pottery that we found with them, we date the Seventeenth Dynasty, but the tomb is 500 years old, of Dynasty XI, as evidenced by its features. The venue was clearly reused as collective grave, almost as common grave of ordinary people. “
Galán explains that the finding was “very exciting” and narrates the episode: “We went to the grave by a hole that took us to a hall twenty meters long, leading to a descending passage to a burial chamber. Everything was strewn with bodies scrambled, a mass of human remains and linen.” Researchers have not yet found the door of the tomb. “We have agreed in the middle of the hallway. The door is boarded by debris, it is not seen yet. There are other cameras that are also full of debris.”
The significance of the discovery, the researcher points out that confirms that ” simplify Egyptology is not good; traditionally considered to Dra Abu el Naga is the burial place of the Seventeenth Dynasty and The Tarif XI, but our excavation shows that actually are superimposed burials, the cemetery is used at all times.”
The Egyptologist explains that the Eleventh Dynasty, 2,000 years before Christ, in the transition from I Intermediate Period to the Middle Kingdom, with Pharaoh Mentuhotep as principal, was the first to convert the capital of Thebes in Upper and Lower Egypt after defeating the rulers of Heracleópolis. Subsequent Seventeenth Dynasty, 500 years later, in another interim period, the second, returned the capital to Thebes giving way to the New Kingdom, sought inspiration in Dynasty XI, taking her as a model. Meanwhile, the great pharaohs of Dynasty XVIII, as Queen Hatshepsut, which was senior Djehuty, and Thutmose III, also looked toward the XI.